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Рубрика Неолит

Шлифованный топор из обломка, неолит Зап. Европы

This terrific Stone Age ax ( axe ) of flint (silex) is a recycling tool, made of a thin butted ax. Superb: The butt-end and the sides were flaked to fix the ax into another handle, most likely after the first shaft was broken. A flint ax was a precious tool. A discarded ax might be chipped into another shape more satisfactory to the new usage. Primary this tool was a thin-butted ax from the Dolmen Period 4000-3400 bc.( Funnel Beaker Culture TRB I) Agriculture and animal husbandry were introduced in Denmark c. 4000 BC. Wheat and barley were grown and oxen, sheep, goats and pigs domesticated. Large parts of the land were cultivated during the oldest peasant culture, 4000-2800 BC, and the earliest farmers were energetic builders. They constructed large assembly areas surrounded by moats and palisades like the one found near Sarup on Funen. They also built the oldest stone burial monuments, the dolmens and the passage graves, many thousands of which have been preserved in Denmark. Flint mines were opened and a whole new industry emerged which specialised in the production of elegant, polished flint axes. Large numbers of offerings have been found, including clay pots, flint tools and amber ornaments, and there is evidence of human and animal sacrifices. The first metal was brought into the country from Central Europe in the shape of simple ornaments and flat axe heads made of copper. This very interesting artifact is 95 mms long (25.4 mms = 1 inch).


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Ромбовидные иволистные наконечники стрел, кремень. Поздняковская культура, рязанская обл.

Шлифованный тонкообушковый топор, неолит Дании


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